I followed tutorials and also posts in Centos.org forum to enable mod_rewrite, but the Centos 7 VM does not enable it(?)

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I followed tutorials and also posts in Centos.org forum to enable mod_rewrite, but the Centos 7 VM does not enable it(?)

Post by joejac » 2019/10/24 16:53:09

Hello, I managed to create a Centos 7 Virtualbox VM. Now I am in the final step struggling with mod_rewrite.
1.- I followed this tutorial:
https://www.digitalocean.com/community/ ... n-centos-7
and the VM reports that mod_rewrite is enabled, but in fact, it is not.
2.- The command httpd -M shows:
rewrite_module (shared)
3.- httpd.conf in Directory "/var/www/html" has the following

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<Directory "/var/www/html">
 ExecCGI MultiViews
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride All
    Require all granted
4.- /var/www/html/.htaccess has only:
RewriteEngine On
5.- SIlverstripe CMS installer complains this:
URL rewriting support You need mod_rewrite to use friendly URLs with SilverStripe, but it is not enabled.
6.- I tested on browse with an index.php with the following code:

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 if (strpos(shell_exec('/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl -l'), 'mod_rewrite') !== false) echo "mod_rewrite enabled";
else echo "mod_rewrite disabled";
I get on browser: mod_rewrite disabled
7.- PHPINFO does not shows any mod_rewrite module Installed. I have:

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System 	Linux desarrollo 3.10.0-1062.4.1.el7.x86_64 #1 SMP Fri Oct 18 17:15:30 UTC 2019 x86_64
Build Date 	Nov 16 2018 15:26:38
Server API 	FPM/FastCGI
Virtual Directory Support 	disabled
Configuration File (php.ini) Path 	/etc/opt/rh/rh-php72
Loaded Configuration File 	/etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.ini
Scan this dir for additional .ini files 	/etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d
Additional .ini files parsed 	/etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-bz2.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-calendar.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-ctype.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-curl.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-dom.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-exif.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-fileinfo.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-ftp.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-gd.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-gettext.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-iconv.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-intl.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-json.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-mbstring.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-mysqlnd.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-pdo.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-phar.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-posix.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-shmop.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-simplexml.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-soap.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-sockets.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-sqlite3.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-sysvmsg.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-sysvsem.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-sysvshm.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-tidy.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-tokenizer.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-xml.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-xmlwriter.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-xsl.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/20-zip.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/30-mysqli.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/30-pdo_mysql.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/30-pdo_sqlite.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/30-wddx.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/30-xmlreader.ini, /etc/opt/rh/rh-php72/php.d/30-xmlrpc.ini
PHP API 	20170718
PHP Extension 	20170718
Zend Extension 	320170718
Zend Extension Build 	API320170718,NTS
PHP Extension Build 	API20170718,NTS
Debug Build 	no
Thread Safety 	disabled
Zend Signal Handling 	enabled
Zend Memory Manager 	enabled
Zend Multibyte Support 	provided by mbstring
IPv6 Support 	enabled
DTrace Support 	available, disabled
Registered PHP Streams	https, ftps, compress.zlib, php, file, glob, data, http, ftp, compress.bzip2, phar, zip
Registered Stream Socket Transports	tcp, udp, unix, udg, ssl, sslv3, tls, tlsv1.0, tlsv1.1, tlsv1.2
Registered Stream Filters	zlib.*, string.rot13, string.toupper, string.tolower, string.strip_tags, convert.*, consumed, dechunk, bzip2.*, convert.iconv.*
7.1 I disabled SELinux and restarted several times both httpd and FPM services.

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I disabled SELinux that was blocking FPM, now I restarted FPM again:
# sestatus
SELinux status:                 disabled
# systemctl enable rh-php72-php-fpm.service
# systemctl start rh-php72-php-fpm.service
# scl enable rh-php72 bash
# systemctl restart httpd
8.- How can I resolve this discrepancy and have mod_rewrite enabled ?
8.1. I followed tutorials and also posts in Centos.org forum to enable mod_rewrite, but the Centos 7 VM does not enable it.
I am stuck, what can I do?
Thanks for any ideas.
Regards joejac

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Re: I followed tutorials and also posts in Centos.org forum to enable mod_rewrite, but the Centos 7 VM does not enable i

Post by TrevorH » 2019/10/24 17:21:14

7.1 I disabled SELinux and restarted several times both httpd and FPM services.
Please don't. To re-enable it again you now have to do it in two stages: first edit /etc/sysconfig/selinux and change it to permissive and save the file. Then touch /.autorelabel && reboot and wait for it to finish. The change permissive to enforcing and reboot again.

What are the permissions on your .htaccess file. Post the output from ls -laZ /var/www/html
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Re: I followed tutorials and also posts in Centos.org forum to enable mod_rewrite, but the Centos 7 VM does not enable i

Post by joejac » 2019/10/24 18:04:02

Thanks a lot for your reply TrevorH, following the output of the command:
$ ls -laZ /var/www/html

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drwxrwxr-x. osboxes apache system_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t:s0 .
drwxr-xr-x. root    root   system_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t:s0 ..
drwxrwxr-x. osboxes apache unconfined_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t:s0 adminer
-rw-r--r--  osboxes apache ?                                .htaccess
-rwxrwxr--. osboxes apache unconfined_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t:s0 index.html
-rw-r--r--  osboxes apache ?                                index.php
-rwxrwxr--. osboxes apache unconfined_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t:s0 info.php
I will enable SELinux after mod_rewrite is enabled, thanks.

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Re: I followed tutorials and also posts in Centos.org forum to enable mod_rewrite, but the Centos 7 VM does not enable i

Post by KernelOops » 2019/10/25 09:29:43

The module mod_rewrite should be installed by default with the httpd (apache) packages. The default configuration at /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf should include the /etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/00-base.conf configuration file, which in turn loads the mod_rewrite module with a line like:
LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so

So that covers the basics for loading mod_rewrite. In your case, if you have a custom configuration, make sure it includes or directly loads via LoadModule the actual mod_rewrite.so module. I say this, because you mention that "httpd -M" shows the module is loaded, but your CMS says its not.

About SELinux. While SELinux can be very restrictive (and for good purpose), you should not disable it entirely. Instead, you should use the available tools to manage its permissions, "audit2why" and "audit2allow" are two important commands that should give you details about any AVC SELinux errors and how to fix them.

My personal preference, is to NEVER run a website under /var/www/html. I believe web related things should be restricted under their own system user with their own /home directory. For example, I create a separate apache configuration like /etc/httpd/conf.d/mydomain.conf, which points to /home/mydomain/www/ and runs EVERYTHING under the "mydomain" user, limited only to /home/mydomain paths. I can then use more advanced tricks, like PHP-FPM chroots running as "mydomain".
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Re: I followed tutorials and also posts in Centos.org forum to enable mod_rewrite, but the Centos 7 VM does not enable i

Post by joejac » 2019/10/26 00:10:16

Hello KernelOops, and thank you for your reply and recommendations.
Following are my 2 files:
1.- /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

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# This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file.  It contains the
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
# See <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/> for detailed information.
# In particular, see 
# <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/directives.html>
# for a discussion of each configuration directive.
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned.  
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
# server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so 'log/access_log'
# with ServerRoot set to '/www' will be interpreted by the
# server as '/www/log/access_log', where as '/log/access_log' will be
# interpreted as '/log/access_log'.

# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
# Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path.  If you point
# ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to specify a local disk on the
# Mutex directive, if file-based mutexes are used.  If you wish to share the
# same ServerRoot for multiple httpd daemons, you will need to change at
# least PidFile.
ServerRoot "/etc/httpd"

# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
# ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
# directive.
# Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to 
# prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
Listen 80

# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
# To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you
# have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the
# directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.
# Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need
# to be loaded here.
# Example:
# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
Include conf.modules.d/*.conf

# If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
# httpd as root initially and it will switch.  
# User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
# It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for
# running httpd, as with most system services.
User apache
Group apache

# 'Main' server configuration
# The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
# server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
# <VirtualHost> definition.  These values also provide defaults for
# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
# virtual host being defined.

# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
# e-mailed.  This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
# as error documents.  e.g. admin@your-domain.com
ServerAdmin root@localhost

# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
# If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
#ServerName www.example.com:80

# Deny access to the entirety of your server's filesystem. You must
# explicitly permit access to web content directories in other 
# <Directory> blocks below.
<Directory />
    AllowOverride none
    Require all denied

# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
# particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
# below.

# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
DocumentRoot "/var/www/html"

# Relax access to content within /var/www.
<Directory "/var/www">
    AllowOverride None
    # Allow open access:
    Require all granted

# Further relax access to the default document root:
<Directory "/var/www/html">
    # Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
    # or any combination of:
    #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
    # Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
    # doesn't give it to you.
    # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see
    # http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/core.html#options
    # for more information.
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

    # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
    # It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
    #   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
    AllowOverride All

    # Controls who can get stuff from this server.
    Require all granted

# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
# is requested.
<IfModule dir_module>
    DirectoryIndex index.html

# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being 
# viewed by Web clients. 
<Files ".ht*">
    Require all denied

# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
ErrorLog "logs/error_log"

# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
LogLevel warn

<IfModule log_config_module>
    # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
    # a CustomLog directive (see below).
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common

    <IfModule logio_module>
      # You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
      LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio

    # The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
    # If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>
    # container, they will be logged here.  Contrariwise, if you *do*
    # define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be
    # logged therein and *not* in this file.
    #CustomLog "logs/access_log" common

    # If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
    # (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
    CustomLog "logs/access_log" combined

<IfModule alias_module>
    # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to 
    # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client 
    # will make a new request for the document at its new location.
    # Example:
    # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar

    # Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
    # access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
    # Example:
    # Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
    # If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
    # require it to be present in the URL.  You will also likely
    # need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to
    # the filesystem path.

    # ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts. 
    # ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
    # documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
    # run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
    # client.  The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
    # directives as to Alias.
    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/var/www/cgi-bin/"


# "/var/www/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
<Directory "/var/www/cgi-bin">
    AllowOverride None
    Options None
    Require all granted

<IfModule mime_module>
    # TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from
    # filename extension to MIME-type.
    TypesConfig /etc/mime.types

    # AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
    # file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
    #AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
    # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
    # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
    #AddEncoding x-compress .Z
    #AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
    # If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
    # probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
    AddType application/x-compress .Z
    AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

    # AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
    # actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
    # or added with the Action directive (see below)
    # To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
    # (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
    #AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

    # For type maps (negotiated resources):
    #AddHandler type-map var

    # Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
    # To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
    # (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
    AddType text/html .shtml
    AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml

# Specify a default charset for all content served; this enables
# interpretation of all content as UTF-8 by default.  To use the 
# default browser choice (ISO-8859-1), or to allow the META tags
# in HTML content to override this choice, comment out this
# directive:
AddDefaultCharset UTF-8

<IfModule mime_magic_module>
    # The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
    # contents of the file itself to determine its type.  The MIMEMagicFile
    # directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
    MIMEMagicFile conf/magic

# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
# Some examples:
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html

# EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it, 
# memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall may be used to deliver
# files.  This usually improves server performance, but must
# be turned off when serving from networked-mounted 
# filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
# broken on your system.
# Defaults if commented: EnableMMAP On, EnableSendfile Off
#EnableMMAP off
EnableSendfile on

# Supplemental configuration
# Load config files in the "/etc/httpd/conf.d" directory, if any.
IncludeOptional conf.d/*.conf
2.- /etc/httpd/conf.modules.d/00-base.conf
LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so is there uncommented I did not touch this file, only the first one to change to AllowOverride All in /var/www/html section.

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# This file loads most of the modules included with the Apache HTTP
# Server itself.

LoadModule access_compat_module modules/mod_access_compat.so
LoadModule actions_module modules/mod_actions.so
LoadModule alias_module modules/mod_alias.so
LoadModule allowmethods_module modules/mod_allowmethods.so
LoadModule auth_basic_module modules/mod_auth_basic.so
LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/mod_auth_digest.so
LoadModule authn_anon_module modules/mod_authn_anon.so
LoadModule authn_core_module modules/mod_authn_core.so
LoadModule authn_dbd_module modules/mod_authn_dbd.so
LoadModule authn_dbm_module modules/mod_authn_dbm.so
LoadModule authn_file_module modules/mod_authn_file.so
LoadModule authn_socache_module modules/mod_authn_socache.so
LoadModule authz_core_module modules/mod_authz_core.so
LoadModule authz_dbd_module modules/mod_authz_dbd.so
LoadModule authz_dbm_module modules/mod_authz_dbm.so
LoadModule authz_groupfile_module modules/mod_authz_groupfile.so
LoadModule authz_host_module modules/mod_authz_host.so
LoadModule authz_owner_module modules/mod_authz_owner.so
LoadModule authz_user_module modules/mod_authz_user.so
LoadModule autoindex_module modules/mod_autoindex.so
LoadModule cache_module modules/mod_cache.so
LoadModule cache_disk_module modules/mod_cache_disk.so
LoadModule data_module modules/mod_data.so
LoadModule dbd_module modules/mod_dbd.so
LoadModule deflate_module modules/mod_deflate.so
LoadModule dir_module modules/mod_dir.so
LoadModule dumpio_module modules/mod_dumpio.so
LoadModule echo_module modules/mod_echo.so
LoadModule env_module modules/mod_env.so
LoadModule expires_module modules/mod_expires.so
LoadModule ext_filter_module modules/mod_ext_filter.so
LoadModule filter_module modules/mod_filter.so
LoadModule headers_module modules/mod_headers.so
LoadModule include_module modules/mod_include.so
LoadModule info_module modules/mod_info.so
LoadModule log_config_module modules/mod_log_config.so
LoadModule logio_module modules/mod_logio.so
LoadModule mime_magic_module modules/mod_mime_magic.so
LoadModule mime_module modules/mod_mime.so
LoadModule negotiation_module modules/mod_negotiation.so
LoadModule remoteip_module modules/mod_remoteip.so
LoadModule reqtimeout_module modules/mod_reqtimeout.so
LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so
LoadModule setenvif_module modules/mod_setenvif.so
LoadModule slotmem_plain_module modules/mod_slotmem_plain.so
LoadModule slotmem_shm_module modules/mod_slotmem_shm.so
LoadModule socache_dbm_module modules/mod_socache_dbm.so
LoadModule socache_memcache_module modules/mod_socache_memcache.so
LoadModule socache_shmcb_module modules/mod_socache_shmcb.so
LoadModule status_module modules/mod_status.so
LoadModule substitute_module modules/mod_substitute.so
LoadModule suexec_module modules/mod_suexec.so
LoadModule unique_id_module modules/mod_unique_id.so
LoadModule unixd_module modules/mod_unixd.so
LoadModule userdir_module modules/mod_userdir.so
LoadModule version_module modules/mod_version.so
LoadModule vhost_alias_module modules/mod_vhost_alias.so

#LoadModule buffer_module modules/mod_buffer.so
#LoadModule watchdog_module modules/mod_watchdog.so
#LoadModule heartbeat_module modules/mod_heartbeat.so
#LoadModule heartmonitor_module modules/mod_heartmonitor.so
#LoadModule usertrack_module modules/mod_usertrack.so
#LoadModule dialup_module modules/mod_dialup.so
#LoadModule charset_lite_module modules/mod_charset_lite.so
#LoadModule log_debug_module modules/mod_log_debug.so
#LoadModule ratelimit_module modules/mod_ratelimit.so
#LoadModule reflector_module modules/mod_reflector.so
#LoadModule request_module modules/mod_request.so
#LoadModule sed_module modules/mod_sed.so
#LoadModule speling_module modules/mod_speling.so
I followed digitalocean tutorial, link in the first post.
I appreciate your help if you can check those files and please let me know if something is missing or wrong.

3.- In my previous post, I copied the output of the command recommended by TrevorH, if TrevorH is around please let me know if the permissions for .htaccess file are right or wrong, thanks a lot.

4.- The machine is going to be used as a development machine in a Virtualbox VM on my desktop, not a production server, in fact, this VM is a Centos Gnome 7 Desktop, I like its simplicity in its desktop and menus and the aesthetics. The website files will be uploaded to a Centos 7 VPS, I do not want to mess with the server, I design, I am not a Linux administrator.
Thanks everybody for any help in this regard.

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Re: I followed tutorials and also posts in Centos.org forum to enable mod_rewrite, but the Centos 7 VM does not enable i

Post by KernelOops » 2019/10/26 19:51:15

I can't be sure what causes your problems. It seems as if the .htaccess is not being read by apache. You've messed with the security contexts, you've changed permissions and you've changed the ownership of the /var/www/html directory. You need to revert the changes and start over. In any case, I suggest you start over with a new and clean installation.
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